Oppositional Defiance Disorder definition

Behavior Therapist Lisa Gonsalves, MA, explains what oppositional defiance disorder in children is and its causes, symptoms, and possible treatments
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Oppositional Defiance Disorder
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Oppositional Defiance Disorder definition

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder, or ODD, is a condition in children where they have a tendency to be defiant, oppositional, and they have the need to be in control. It's largely environmental. It could be influenced by parents that are too authoritative or too passive. It could also be influenced by personality, having a stubborn characteristic, or being too stubborn. The negative consequences are not useful because it just makes them angry. They want the need to control. Even a parent, for example, who is using corporal punishment; it might be effective in that moment for that child, but that child will go to school and be defiant at school, knowing that no one at that school is going to be permitted to hit that child. Because they crave the need for control, then you have more issues. So what you want to use for that child is positive reinforcement for the behaviors that you want them to exhibit. Also, in oppositional defiant, they might be motivated by attention seeking; in which case, positive reinforcement is effective in getting the behaviors that you want.

Behavior Therapist Lisa Gonsalves, MA, explains what oppositional defiance disorder in children is and its causes, symptoms, and possible treatments

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Lisa Gonsalves, MA

Behavior Therapist

In her career in youth development, Lisa Gonsalves, MA, has served youth populations across the globe over the past 25 years. Her professional experience includes creating, developing, and administering a variety of programs, development systems, and methods for young people as coordinator, counselor, and instructor for ages four through 24.  The various youth populations she has served include school age children with behavioral or mental heath diagnoses, urban and rural at-risk adolescents, foreign students, gay youth, socio-economically underprivileged, and middle class youth. She has a master’s degree in Social Policy for Youth Services.

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